N&W Shelter

Shelter, Norfolk & Western Railroad
Article GraphicsThis is from “Buildings and Structures of American Railroads: A Reference Book for Railroad Managers, Superintendents, Master Mechanics, Engineers, Architects, and Students by Walter Gilman Berg, J. Wiley & Sons, 1893″

Chapter XVIII Platforms, Platform-Sheds, and Shelters Page 244

Shelter, Norfolk & Western Railroad. — The standard shelter of the Norfolk & Western Railroad, shown in Figs. 418 to 420, is 25ft. long by 10 ft. wide, enclosed on three sides and open toward the track. A bench runs around the interior. There are two windows in each gable-end of the house. The outside of the building is sheathed with weather-boarding, and roofed with shingles. The principal materials used are, 6-in. x 6-in. posts; 2-in. x 4-in. studs; 2-in. x 4-in. purlins; 2-in. x 4-in. gable frame; 2-in. x 6-in. struts; 2-in. x 2-in. seat-legs; 2-in. x 7-in. ridge-pole; 2-in. x 8-in. floor-beams; 4-in. x 6-in. sills; 1/4-in. x 6-in. casings; 1-1/4-in. wash-boards; 2-in. x 12-in. cresting; 2-in. curved brackets. The cost of the house erected complete is stated to be about $300.

Carpentry Translation and Materials
Like many occupations, terms used by Carpenters are often mystifying to me. I’m going to pause here and figure out what these man here. This is also a good place for notes even on the parts I DO understand.

  • Gable-end : Gable: The most common form of roof where the rafters on either side are the same length, pitch, and meet in the middle of the span. The text says – There are two windows in each gable-end of the house. So this is reasonably clear.
  • Weather-boarding : Weatherboarding (notice they dropped the hyphen in the past hundred years or so). This simply means is the wooden siding of a building. Clapboard is an example.
  • Posts : 6-in. x 6-in.
  • Purlins : 2-in. x 4-in. Purlin: a longitudinal member in a roof frame, usually for supporting common rafters or the like between the plate and the ridge.
  • gable frame
  • Struts : 2-in. x 6-in. Strut is a common name in timber framing for a support or brace of lighter scantlings than a post. Frequently found in roof framing between on a tie beam and a principal rafter or from a king post to a principal rafter. May be plumb or leaning then called a canted strut, raking strut, or angled strut and may be straight or curved.
  • seat-legs
  • Ridge-pole : 2-in. x 7-in.
  • Floor-beams : 2-in. x 8-in.
  • Sills : 4-in. x 6-in.
  • Casings : 3/4-in. x 6-in. Has to be a misprint in the text where it said 1/4-in. x 6-inch.
  • Wash-boards : 1-1/4-in. – The boards(trim) along the base of the exterior wall.
  • Cresting : 2-in. x 12-in. The fancy, curvy ridge showing. (Stoker: Cresting is a nightmare detail as far as maintenance goes. The only way to properly flash the crest would be if the whole thing were wrapped in metal.)
  • Curved brackets : 2-in.

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